Sugarcane production has steadily increased over the past several decades, doubling over the last 20 years. Producing sugarcane places significant pressure on water supplies and leads to water pollution that impacts biodiversity and the functioning of healthy ecosystems. 

Environmental and Social Factors that Drive Risks

Commodity Background

In the US. the large majority of sugar consumed is produced domestically, with sugarcane accounting for about 45 percent of domestic sugar. This sugarcane is produced primarily in Florida and Louisiana with the remainder grown in Hawaii and Texas. 

Top Production Regions

Brazil and India together account for about 60 percent of global sugarcane production.


Supply Chain

The sugarcane market is highly concentrated with a small number of players controlling refining and merchandising.


Company Examples

General Mills

General Mills has committed to source 100 percent of its sugarcane by 2020 from responsible and sustainable regions that are in compliance with Bonsucro or comparable standards. It will independently verify any high impact countries. 


PepsiCo has committed to 100 percent sustainable sourcing of sugarcane by 2020, which will be achieved by gaining Bonsucro certification and implementing related sourcing plans. 

The Coca-Cola Company

The Coca-Cola Company has set a systemwide goal to sustainably source 100 percent of its sugarcane by 2020, with Bonsucro certification as its preferred method. Fifteen of the company’s top bottlers (representing about 85 percent of the TCCC system’s sugar purchases) have also committed to their own plans to reach this target.